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Last year tens of thousands of internally displaced people, or IDPs, fled from areas controlled by the Islamic State Armed Group. Many of those families with children escaped from Raqqa and the Deir ez-Zur region - areas that experienced three years of IS control and subsequent U.S and Russian air bombing campaigns.
Exposed to airstrikes, artillery shelling and having witnessed violent deaths and executions, children risk developing mental disorders.
With few NGOs providing medical facilities in camps, the precise number of children suffering from psychological trauma is not known and if left untreated can lead to serious behavioural problems.
Filip Warwick reports from Raqqa in this second report of a five-part series.
Raqqa reaps the fruit of three years under Islamic State armed group