In July last year, the north-eastern city of Maiduguri was the scene of bloody clashes between Boko Haram - which means western education is taboo - and the police.
Many lives and properties were lost in the four day clashes.
The leader of the sect, Mohammed Yusuf was definitely killed. His deputy, Abubakar Shekau, was shot and believed to have died.
Now, after a whole year, Shekau has resurfaced and released a 25-minute video clip to a journalist who in turn, narrated his encounter with the sect leader to the Daily Trust newspaper.
He has vowed to continue Boko Haram's fight against Western education and culture in Nigeria.
"In the clip, Shekau is seen wearing a headdress, with an AK-47 gun and a stack of religious books behind him," the paper reports.
The police authorities in Borno state say they will not tolorate any breakdown of law and order there.
The new Boko Haram leader says he lives in Mauduguri town.