“The pirates are going into areas where they have not previously been known to operate,” Pottengal Mukundan, the director of the International Maritime Bureau (IMB), which reports on worldwide piracy, told RFI.
In July, Somali pirates successfully hijacked a vessel in the southern Red Sea, an area where they have not previously been known to operate.
“Somali pirates are relying on the fact that the naval presence in these areas is not strong enough and the vessels themselves may not be on full alert,” Mukundan said.
A strong international naval presence in the Gulf of Aden has led to a drop in incidents in the area, from 100 betwee January and September of last year, to 44 over the same period this year.
However, reinforcements have also driven pirates to strike further out.
According to the Mukundan, ransoms paid by shipping companies help finance pirate activities.
“The problem is that ship owners have no one to turn to for help, there is no law enforcement agency in Somalia and no other naval or governmental presence which is going to intervene,” he says.
“So really they have no other options that to try and reach an agreement with the Somali pirates.”