Gay activists were watching closely on Monday when the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva passed a joint statement on ending violence and related human rights violations based on sexual orientation.
Despite intense last-minute lobbying by campaigners - and apparent concession in their favour from the government last week - yesterday's Geneva statement did not have South Africa's name on it.
The development marks a setback for gays and lesbians in South Africa. Since 1994, their rights have been enshrined in the constitution. Gay marriage is recognised and violence against homosexuals is considered a hate crime.
Yet there are few convictions and campaigners report rising violence being met with indifference by the authorities.
They believe the government's climbdown in Geneva is the result of pressure from China and the rest of the African group - to whom South Africa is looking for support in its bid to win a permanent seat on the UN Security Council.