Operation Barkhane, named after a crescent-shaped sand dune, will involve the deployment of 3000 military personnel across the vast Sahel region, backed by six fighter jets, 20 helicopters and three drones. The mission will form a belt of French military presence in five northern African countries: Burkina Faso, Mali, Chad, Niger and Mauritania.
Operation Barkhane will bring Operation Serval, the French military intervention in the north of Mali since January 2013, to a close.
The French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said that with Operation Barkhane France will counter the threat of terrorism in the region. "There still is a major risk that jihadists develop in the area that runs from the Horn of Africa to Guinea-Bissau," he said.
Marchal says that the French army is correct in judging that terrorism networks are not based on national identities and must be combated regionally. However, the government erred in not including plans to boost democracy and foster accountability in these countries.
Operation Barkhane will have its headquarters and air force in the Chadian capital of N'Djamena, with a regional base in Gao, north Mali, a special forces base in Burkina Faso's capital, Ouagadougou, and an intelligence base in Niger's capital, Niamey.