Listen Download Podcast
  • RFI English News flash 04h00 - 04h10 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 09/30 04h00 GMT
  • Paris Live AM 04h10 - 04h30 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 09/30 04h10 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 05h00 - 05h10 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 09/30 05h00 GMT
  • Paris Live AM 05h10 - 05h30 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 09/30 05h10 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 06h00 - 06h10 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 09/30 06h00 GMT
  • Paris Live AM 06h10 - 06h30 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 09/30 06h10 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 06h30 - 06h33 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 09/30 06h30 GMT
  • Paris Live AM 06h33 - 06h59 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 09/30 06h33 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 07h00 - 07h10 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 09/30 07h00 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 07h30 - 07h33 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 09/30 07h30 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 14h00 - 14h03 GMT Sat-Sun
    News bulletin 09/25 14h00 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 14h00 - 14h06 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 09/30 14h00 GMT
  • Paris Live Weekend 14h03 - 14h30 GMT Sat-Sun
    Features and analysis 09/25 14h03 GMT
  • Paris Live PM 14h06 - 14h30 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 09/30 14h06 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 14h30 - 14h33 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 09/30 14h30 GMT
  • Paris Live PM 14h33 - 14h59 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 09/30 14h33 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 16h00 - 16h03 GMT Sat-Sun
    News bulletin 09/25 16h00 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 16h00 - 16h06 GMT Sat-Sun
    News bulletin 09/29 16h00 GMT
  • Paris Live Weekend 16h03 - 16h30 GMT Sat-Sun
    Features and analysis 09/25 16h03 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 16h30 - 16h33 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 09/30 16h30 GMT
  • Paris Live Weekend 16h33 - 17h00 GMT Sat-Sun
    Features and analysis 09/25 16h33 GMT
To take full advantage of multimedia content, you must have the Flash plugin installed in your browser. To connect, you need to enable cookies in your browser settings. For an optimal navigation, the RFI site is compatible with the following browsers: Internet Explorer 8 and above, Firefox 10 and +, Safari 3+, Chrome 17 and + etc.
Asia-Pacific

Pakistan Muslim League-N (PML-N) - hoping for victory in 2013

media PML-N leader Nawaz Sharif AFP

Nawaz Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim League-N (PML-N) has high hopes of the 2013 election. After leading the parliamentary opposition to the PPP-led government, it expects to capitalise on disappointment in President Asif Ali Zardari and his allies.

Born of the break-up of the Muslim League, the party of the country’s founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the party added an N in honour of its leader, Nawaz Sharif, who went onto become prime minister in 1990-93 and 1996-99.

  • Leader: Nawaz Sharif
  • Founders: Nawaz Sharif, Fida Mohammad Khan
  • Founded: 1988
  • In power: 1990-93, 1996-99
     

A secular party, despite its name, the PML-N is traditionally the right-wing opposition to the PPP, usually forming alliances with religious parties either to contest elections, in the Islamic Democratic Alliance in 1988 and 1990, or to form governments.

But it is the only party ever to have won a two-thirds majority in parliament, in 1997.

In 1998 Sharif’s government ordered six nuclear tests, establishing Pakistan as a nuclear power on a par with India, but that did not save it from clashes with the military.

In 1999 General Pervez Musharraf toppled the government in a peaceful military coup, accusing Sharif of trying to assassinate him.

A military court found the deposed prime minister guilty of "kidnapping, attempted murder, hijacking and terrorism and corruption" and gave him a life sentence, although, thanks to the intercession of Saudi King Fahd, he was allowed to go into voluntary exile along with his brother, Shahbaz.

After the coup the PML-N split with one faction becoming the PML-Q, which backed Musharraf and became the government party after the 2002 election.

The Sharif brothers returned to Pakistan in 2007 and in the 2008 election the PML-N emerged as the second largest party in parliament after the PPP.

Dossier: Pakistan General Election 2013

The two parties formed a coalition but the PML-N quit later in the year over President Asif Ali Zardari’s refusal to reinstate sacked Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry.

The party’s main support comes from business owners, especially in Punjab, the province that dominates the Pakistani state and economy.

Related
 
Sorry but the period of time connection to the operation is exceeded.