Amid accusations that Russian separatists could be removing evidence from the scene, the three European leaders “agreed to demand that Mr Putin obtain from the Ukrainian separatists that rescue services and investigators have total and free access” to the site of the disaster.
"If Russia does not immediately take the necessary measures, consequences will be drawn by the European Union (EU) at the Foreign Affairs Council which takes place on Tuesday," a statement on the French presidential website said.
Britain is to try to persuade its EU allies to slap new sanctions on Russia because of its involvement with the separatists, who are accused of shooting down the plane using a ground-to-air missile.
Putin has called on the rebels to cooperate with observers and denied any Russian involvement in the affair.
The pro-Russian separatists who control the area had removed all the bodies from the scene on Sunday.
US State Department spokesperson Jen Psaki on Saturday said that bodies had been removed, debris taken away, and potential evidence tampered with.