Listen Download Podcast
  • RFI English News flash 04h00 - 04h10 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 11/16 04h00 GMT
  • Paris Live AM 04h10 - 04h30 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 11/16 04h10 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 05h00 - 05h10 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 11/16 05h00 GMT
  • Paris Live AM 05h10 - 05h30 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 11/16 05h10 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 06h00 - 06h10 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 11/16 06h00 GMT
  • Paris Live AM 06h10 - 06h30 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 11/16 06h10 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 06h30 - 06h33 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 11/16 06h30 GMT
  • Paris Live AM 06h33 - 06h59 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 11/16 06h33 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 07h00 - 07h10 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 11/16 07h00 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 07h30 - 07h33 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 11/16 07h30 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 14h00 - 14h03 GMT Sat-Sun
    News bulletin 11/11 14h00 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 14h00 - 14h06 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 11/15 14h00 GMT
  • Paris Live Weekend 14h03 - 14h30 GMT Sat-Sun
    Features and analysis 11/11 14h03 GMT
  • Paris Live PM 14h06 - 14h30 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 11/15 14h06 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 14h30 - 14h33 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 11/15 14h30 GMT
  • Paris Live PM 14h33 - 14h59 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 11/15 14h33 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 16h00 - 16h03 GMT Sat-Sun
    News bulletin 11/11 16h00 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 16h00 - 16h06 GMT Sat-Sun
    News bulletin 11/15 16h00 GMT
  • Paris Live Weekend 16h03 - 16h30 GMT Sat-Sun
    Features and analysis 11/11 16h03 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 16h30 - 16h33 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 11/15 16h30 GMT
  • Paris Live Weekend 16h33 - 17h00 GMT Sat-Sun
    Features and analysis 11/11 16h33 GMT
To take full advantage of multimedia content, you must have the Flash plugin installed in your browser. To connect, you need to enable cookies in your browser settings. For an optimal navigation, the RFI site is compatible with the following browsers: Internet Explorer 8 and above, Firefox 10 and +, Safari 3+, Chrome 17 and + etc.
Europe

Last gay concentration camp survivor dies

media Ceremony on the 65th anniversary of the liberation of Buchenwald AFP/John Macdougal

The last survivor of the Nazi persecution of homosexuals has died in France. Rudolf Brazda, who was interned in Buchenwald concentration camp for 32 months, was 98-years-old.

After serving two prison sentences for “debauchery between men”, Brazda was judged to be a repeat offender sent to Buchenwald where, like other gays, he was forced to wear a pink triangle.

The Nazis interned about 10,000 people for homosexuality, declaring it a disease which endangered the perpetuation of the German nation.

Brazda, a German-speaking Czech, was born in Saxony, deported to Czechoslovakia after serving his first prison sentence, then arrested again after Germany annexed the Sudetenland in 1938.

In Buchenwald, he said, he survived thanks to his friendship with a communist kapo (trustee prisoner) and “a bit more chance than others”.

He took French nationality in 1960, living in Alsace, but did not publicly reveal the reasons for his internment until 2008, when friends urged him to come out after the inauguration of a memorial to the Nazis’ gay victims in Berlin.

After that he spoke about his experiences in several schools in Alscace and was awarded the Légion d’honneur in April this year.

Elizabeth Ronzier from gay rights group Inter-LGBT told RFI that Brazda had been an important figure in helping to get recognition for homosexuals who were deported to Nazi concentration camps during the Second World War.

Some of his achievements included campaigning to get memorials for them built in both Berlin and the French city of Toulouse, she said.

According to his wishes, Brazda's body will be incinerated and his ashes placed next to those of Edouard Mayer, his life companion, who died in 2003.

The website Les Oublié-e-s de la mémoire (The forgotten), which campaigned for the recognition of the Nazis’ gay victims, is to organise a commemoration ceremony in September.

 
Sorry but the period of time connection to the operation is exceeded.