Remembering Auschwitz-Birkenau 72 years on - Part 2
By the middle of the 16th century three-quarters of all Jews lived in Poland. At the time, Poland gained a reputation as a "heaven for the Jews". For 400 years until the Nazi Holocaust, the country was at the centre of Jewish religious life.
Following the Nazi defeat, Poland was placed under Moscow’s control. Thousands of Jewish survivors emigrated from the Soviet-backed Communist regime. The void left behind meant the Holocaust was not properly acknowledged by Communist authorities for over 50 years.
Our correspondent Filip Warwick travelled to Poland to find out more.