Teachers took action for their own demands Monday, as pupils returned to school.
Unions which called the strike said a third of secondary school teachers stayed home Monday to protest the loss of 7,000 jobs in education, along with other planned changes.
The likely disruption:
- The Directorate General of Civil Aviation traffic has called on airlines to reduce their flight schedules by 25 per cent at Charles de Gaulle and Orly, with passengers asked to check with their airline;
- Two out of five high-speed TVG trains are likely to run, with reduced service on many other lines;
- The strike will probably have a more limited impact on international routes: traffic is predicted to be normal on Eurostar trains but limited to eight in every 10 Thalys;
- For Corail day trains, an average of one train in every four is expected run;
- In the greater Paris area, there may be two out of five Transilien during rush hour;
- Paris regional trains services - the RER - is likely to be disrupted as follows: one train in two on lines A and C, one in three on B, two in five on D with the interconnection suspended between Paris Gare de Lyon and Chatelet, and three in five trains on line E.
- In Paris, normal traffic is expected on metro lines 11 and 14, while two trains in three will run on lines 1 and 6, one train in two on lines 2, 4, 7 and 13, one train in four on line 10, and one train in three on lines 3, 5, 8, 9 and 12.
However education officials put this number at only six per cent.
CGT union leader Bernard Thibault said Monday he expected even more people would turn out for the 190 marches planned in cities across France on Tuesday than on 24 June, when more than 800,000 took part in demonstrations.
The demonstrations are timed to fall on the same day that the French parliament begins debate on a draft pension reform law.
The bill will increase the retirement age by the year 2018, but a minimum retirement age of 62 is still well under the average of 64 in the OECD group of wealthy industrialised democracies - despite France having one of the world's longest life expectancies.
President Nicolas Sarkozy’s reforms come as he enters the last two years of his first term weakened by scandal and poor opinion poll ratings.
Sarkozy is pushing pension reform as the start of an electoral fightback, with the 2012 presidential poll on the horizon, but it comes after a politically disastrous summer.
Labour Minister Eric Woerth, who will present the bill in parliament, has been accused of a conflict of interest in his role as UMP fundraiser and alleged undeclared donations coming from France's richest woman, L'Oréal heiress Liliane Bettencourt.
An Obea/Infra Forces opinion poll said 73 per cent of French people approved of the protest marches. But the poll also showed 65 per cent thought the government would not change course.