French MPs on Friday passed a government-backed proposal to force cigarette-manufacturers to use plain packets without logos, identical in all respects apart from a small mention of their name.
Australia passed a plain-packet law in 2012 and Ireleand and the UK have done so this year.
The debate was heated with some right-wing MPs claiming that the measure would encourage smuggling and that the government was "assaulting" tobacconists.
"Tobacconists feel betrayed," declared Elie Aboud of the mainstream right UMP. "Cancer is not their problem."
The "puritan world" of anti-smoking campaigners will drive young people to "violent escapades in the Middle East", UMP MP Nicolas Dhuicq, a psychiatrist by profession, told his fellow MPs.
Health Minister Marisol Touraine defended the proposal, pointing to "encouraging results" in Australia, which have reportedly seen the number of smokers falling three per cent in a year.
"Tobacco kills 73,000 people a year in France," she said.
MPs adopted several other anti-smoking measures:
- An extra tax on cigarette manufacturers if their turnover either rises or fails to fall less that three per cent, the government's target for the reduction in sales;
- An obligation on tobacconists to ask for proof that customers are over 18;
- A ban on smoking in cars with passengers under 18 years old - higher than the 12-year-old limit proposed in the original draft;
- A ban on tobacconists' shops near schools;
- More transparency on lobbying by cigarette manufacturers and tighter limits on their sponsorship rights.
More controversy is expected on Tuesday when MPs debate a proposal in the law to open more "shooting galleries" for drug addicts.