Updated at 17h00, January 12th 2019
Al-Qunun's cries for help were eventually heard and after meeting with UNHCR officials in Bangkok, she was offered protection.
Calls for a third country to offer asylum to the 18 year-old girl were sent out and eventually Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said Ms. Al-Qunun would be welcomed on canadian soil.
Speaking on Thursday 10 January, Trudeau said to reporters "Canada is a country that understands how important it is to stand up for human rights, to stand up for women's rights around the world, and I can confirm that we have accepted the UN's request."
The young Saudi woman arrived in the candian city of Toronto on Saturday January 12th in the afternoon to begin a new chapter of her life in a different country.
Rahaf Mohammed Mutlaq al-Qunun, 18, left a family vacation in Kuwait on 5 January and arrived in Thailand the following day, hoping to get to Australia to claim asylum.
As verified by The Guardian, she already had a three month multiple entry tourist visa for Australia.
But instead of making her connecting flight in Bangkok, she says her passport was seized by a Saudi diplomat as she came off the flight on Sunday.
She then checked into a hotel at the airport to avoid Thai officials.
Al-Qunun was registered for a Kuwait Airways flight KU412 on Monday morning, back to Kuwait. In an attempt to avoid being deported by the Thai immigration officials, who remained outside her hotel room, Al-Qunun posted photos on her twitter account showing her attempts to repel forced entry into her room.
I wil still here until UN helps me https://t.co/HUFiSodcFCRahaf Mohammed رهف محمد القنون (@rahaf84427714) January 7, 2019
Thai authorities had initially said her passport was confiscated due to visa issues. But on 7 January, Thai immigration chief, Surachate Hakparn, told reporters at Suvarnabhumi airport: “If she does not want to leave, we will not force her."
Since his declaration, Al-Qunun has met representatives from the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) in Thailand. They have issued a statement reminding Bankgok of its responsibiltites towards asylum claims:
“Non-refoulement is an international principle that prevents states from expelling or returning persons to a territory where their life or freedom would be threatened. This principle is recognized as customary international law, and is also enshrined in Thailand’s other treaty obligations.”
Saudi Arabia’s guardianship system
Saudi Arabia’s guardianship system is the only one of its kind in the world.
Through this system, an adult woman cannot come and go as she pleases without a male guardian, a member of her family, which means women have no recourse for help in the case of abuse.
SH, a Saudi woman who fled the kingdom, told RFI that women cannot report violence to the police because the guardian himself must sign the complaint. “The Saudi government owns us, the Saudi government does not have rules that they will protect women who are facing violence” explains SH, who asked to remain anonymous.
Worth the struggle?
Rana Ahmad, a Saudi who fled the kingdom and lives in Germany, applauded Al-Qunun's efforts. She, like many others outside the country, tried to highlight Al-Qunun’s ordeal.
“I [am] wondering when the Saudi government will stop [behaving] like the mafia,” said Ahmad. “You know they killed [Jamal] Khashoggi, kidnapped Dina Ali Lasloom. They do a lot of bad things and nobody stops them.”