"It's a selection without surprises," said the Tour’s general director Christian Prudhomme.
There are four invited teams, three French and one German team Bora-Argon, which will compete in the race for the third time.
"They have the German champion, the young Emanuel Buchmann, who did an excellent climb at Cauterets last year and a good sprinter in Irishman Sam Bennett," said Prudhomme.
Froome, riding for Team Sky, took the 2013 title, and edged out Colombian Nairo Quintana by 1’12 minutes last year.
Quintana is expected to be one of Froome's main challengers this year, out of the 198 racers, especially with mountain finishes at Mont Ventoux and Saint-Gervais-les-Bains.
AG2R La Mondiale (France)
Astana Pro Team (Kazakhstan)
BMC Racing Team (USA)
Cannondale Pro Cycling Team (USA)
Dimension Data (Russia)
Etixx-Quick Step (Belgium)
IAM Cycling (Switzerland)
Lotto Soudal (Belgium)
Movistar Team (Spain)
Orica GreenEDGE (Australia)
Team Giant-Alpecin (Germany)
Team Katusha (Russia)
Team Lotto NL-Jumbo (Netherlands)
Team Sky (UK)
Bora-Argon 18 (Germany)
Direct Energie (France)
Fortuneo-Vital Concept (France)