Listen Download Podcast
  • RFI English News flash 04h00 - 04h10 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 05/23 04h00 GMT
  • Paris Live AM 04h10 - 04h30 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 05/23 04h10 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 05h00 - 05h10 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 05/23 05h00 GMT
  • Paris Live AM 05h10 - 05h30 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 05/23 05h10 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 06h00 - 06h10 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 05/23 06h00 GMT
  • Paris Live AM 06h10 - 06h30 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 05/23 06h10 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 06h30 - 06h33 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 05/23 06h30 GMT
  • Paris Live AM 06h33 - 06h59 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 05/23 06h33 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 07h00 - 07h10 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 05/23 07h00 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 07h30 - 07h33 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 05/23 07h30 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 14h00 - 14h03 GMT Sat-Sun
    News bulletin 05/20 14h00 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 14h00 - 14h06 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 05/22 14h00 GMT
  • Paris Live Weekend 14h03 - 14h30 GMT Sat-Sun
    Features and analysis 05/20 14h03 GMT
  • Paris Live PM 14h06 - 14h30 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 05/22 14h06 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 14h30 - 14h33 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 05/22 14h30 GMT
  • Paris Live PM 14h33 - 14h59 GMT Mon-Fri
    Features and analysis 05/22 14h33 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 16h00 - 16h03 GMT Sat-Sun
    News bulletin 05/20 16h00 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 16h00 - 16h06 GMT Sat-Sun
    News bulletin 05/22 16h00 GMT
  • Paris Live Weekend 16h03 - 16h30 GMT Sat-Sun
    Features and analysis 05/20 16h03 GMT
  • RFI English News flash 16h30 - 16h33 GMT Mon-Fri
    News bulletin 05/22 16h30 GMT
  • Paris Live Weekend 16h33 - 17h00 GMT Sat-Sun
    Features and analysis 05/20 16h33 GMT
To take full advantage of multimedia content, you must have the Flash plugin installed in your browser. To connect, you need to enable cookies in your browser settings. For an optimal navigation, the RFI site is compatible with the following browsers: Internet Explorer 8 and above, Firefox 10 and +, Safari 3+, Chrome 17 and + etc.
Afp

Paraguay: key milestones

By AFP
media Since 1947, Paraguay has been under the almost uninterrupted rule of the conservative Colorado party AFP/File

Here is a list of key developments in the history of Paraguay, the landlocked Latin American nation which is holding a presidential election on Sunday:

- From discovery to independence -

In 1515, the region of Paraguay, which is populated by Guarani Indians, is discovered and colonized by Spain.

From 1604 to 1767, it is governed by Jesuits who establish a Christian republic with so-called "reductions" -- missions where the indigenous people lived and worked the land.

After a war with the Portuguese, Paraguay becomes attached to the vice-kingdom of Peru, then to the River Plate, a river and large estuary between Argentina, Uruguay, Bolivia and Paraguay.

It achieves independence from Spain in 1811 after a bloodless revolt.

- 1864-1870: ravaged by war -

In 1864, Francisco Solano Lopez, son of dictator Carlos Antonio Lopez (1844-1862), draws Paraguay into a disastrous war against a "Triple Alliance" of Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.

Paraguay is ravaged. According to different estimates it loses between half and two-thirds of its population, mostly men.

In ruins, the country sells off up to half its territory.

It then extends its borders following the 1932-1935 Chaco war with Bolivia over control of the disputed northern Gran Chaco region, where oil reserves have been discovered.

- 1954-1989: dictatorship -

In 1954, army chief General Alfredo Stroessner seizes power in a coup.

He rules the country with an iron grip for 35 years. His Colorado party has held an almost uninterrupted dominance over the country's political life since 1947.

Under Stroessner, between 1,000-3,000 people were killed or went missing, human rights groups say.

- 1989: democracy -

In 1989, Stroessner is ousted by General Andres Rodriguez, who reestablishes freedom of expression, legalizes opposition parties and allows exiles to return.

In 1992, a new constitution provides for the election of a president every five years without the possibility of a second term.

- 2012: president ousted -

In 2008, former Catholic bishop Fernando Lugo becomes the first person since 1947 from outside the Colorado party to accede to power.

Once known as the "bishop of the poor," he is forced from the presidency by the Senate in 2012 for dereliction of duty, for his handling of a land dispute that turned deadly.

He was also dogged by several paternity suits dating back to his time as a clergyman.

The impeachment is considered "a parliamentary coup" by Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Venezuela.

 
Sorry but the period of time connection to the operation is exceeded.